Although Indian government has step-up many efforts to counter and control corruption ,
High corruption risk is faced by corporation and firms who invest in india . Corruption is especially prevalent in the judiciary, police, public services, and public procurement sectors
Both private and public sector corruption is prevented by law , the prevention of corruption act is is the legal framework that focuses on corruption in public and companies act focuses on corruption in private sector .
Bulic sector servents and officials are only alowed to accept gift and prsent of nominal value.
Indian judiciary especially lower court levels are full of the high risk of corruption .
favorable court decisions are the for sale in the lover courts .
allthough the judiciary is indipendent by constitution however there is always tension between the legislative and judiacial systems.
Millions of cases are pending in courts and the main reason behind this is corruption coupled with resource shortages. Enforcing a contract takes around three to four years , which is significantly longer than the regional average.
Indian police is considerd the manin reason behind all problems in the country .
One has to pay the police for its security and for protection from crimes . ploice is failed in crime prevention espeicialy rapes and theft .
The security forces are generally overworked, underpaid, and remain subject to political pressure, which leads to instances of corruption . Instances of security officials being held accountable for misconduct were reported throughout 2018.
red tape, petty corruption, bribery and facilitation payments might be encountered when dealing with India’s public administration. According to genral public the government bureaucracy to be not efficient and rather burdensome ,and complain that bribes are often exchanged for any any government utility.
Public adminstration recive gifts or recieve irregular payments from companies and busnesmen for issuing licencse.
Likewise, more than a quarter of companies expect to offer gifts or make irregular payments to government officials when applying for an operating license, while more than half of companies expect the same when obtaining a water or electrical connection (ES 2014). On a more positive note, the computerization of some public offices has reduced facilitation payments common in physical encounters with public officials.
As compare to other departments and fields taxation department has low level of corruption in india ,however some people believe that tax administration is the main constraint to business .
Some time tax administration ask for the gift or bribes , expensive gifts are ecccepted by them like a refrigrator or some time a 800 cc car .
Corruption is a high risk when dealing with India’s customs deparment . bribes and red taps in exports and imports are ussually exchanged in india . imports and exports are highly effected by irrigular payments and corruption . Companies report lower than average regional costs for border compliance, but it takes much time
public procurement in India is highly corrupt department in the country favoritism influences the decisions of government officials , Bribes and irregular payments are often exchanged in return for government contracts and licenses. Companies are recommended to use a specialized public procurement due diligence tool to mitigate the corruption risks related to public procurement in India.
Civil society organizations face threats, legal harassment, excessive police force, and sometimes even lethal violence . forign journalists and monitors are strickly denied by indian government and law.
India’s constitution provides for freedom of speech however it doesn’t mention any freedom of press . press in India lacks access to to government information and a heavy handed government censorship under new government of modi caused more concern.Journalists often face charges of libel and defamation when criticizing the political or corporate elite. Journalist and NGOs” worker have been haresed or killed in India. NGOs and other Non profit organization are not allowed to research on human rights and other slimier issues .
Read also Pakistan corruption Report & and controlhttp://www.asianleaks.com/2019/03/22/pakistan-corruption-report-business/