CORRUPTION IN MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA

 THE REGION

As most countries in the world are facing the curse of corruption however  some countries of North Africa and Middle east are in the control of corruption 

Reports shows the reason behind corruption

It not a surprise that corruption has ruined every thing in these countries because any attempt at democratization is an impossible mission and citizens and government contact has been broken for a long time

A big challenge is the political corruption

This is  due to corrupt actors who are actively working against any one working against corruption . they exert a high level of influence over political leaders.

A pillar of democratic practice, checks and balances serve an important function in keeping governments honest. Yet in many countries across the region, these checks and balances are either weak or non-existent.

powerful individuals have actively influenced government policies and diverted public funds  In many Arab governments, and  they use state assets for their own self-interest and enrichment at the expense of citizens. Which ruins  anti-corruption efforts  there fore   laws pass, but are not enforced  enforced or implemented.

countries across the region are also undermining the political rights of their people Without strong political will to combat corruption in the public sector,. There is a high risk for people who speak out or demonstrate against government  or corrupt sections of government.

countries improved

, while both Morocco and Egypt improved by 4 points apiece with scores of 44 and 37 respectively This year, these scores is offering the  citizens of  these  countries little comfort. With a global CPI average of 44, both countries have much room for improvement.

In Morocco, after many years of delays and persistent calls from civil society groups to create a substantial law the government recently passed an access to information law.

. However, the law included vague directives on the use and re-use of information and also contained a series of exemptions for national defense, internal and external security and private information that weakened its overall power.

Combined with harsh penalties for citizens who re-use information that harms “the public interest” or “distorts” content, the law proved fairly ineffective and failed to reflect many of TI-Morocco’s recommendations or those from other civil society groups.

Although Egypt CPI has been increased ,very few improvements exist in real,

where serious corruption issues are currently challenging the country. Civil society organizations are still a target of travel bans and activists regularly face arrest.  The  main body investigating   corruption is the Administrative Control Committee .

countries declined

Many  countries like Syria, Libya, Yemen and Iraq facing  challenges of instability,  war and conflict, therefore they are  at the bottom of the index.

Yemen and Syria stand out for the sharpest decline in the last few years. Yemen decreased by five points over the last four years, moving from 19 in 2014 to 14 in 2018. This change partly reflects the direct relationship between war, serious breaches in human rights and corruption.

Syria decreased by 13 points over the last eight years, moving from 26 in 2012 to 13 in 2018. As in previous years, Syria remains at the very bottom of the CPI, having experienced violent conflict in the last few years. Unsurprisingly, the instability of government institutions and complete lack of political rights and checks and balances, allows corruption to flourish in Syria.

Sudan has scored 16 on the index for the second year in a row. Facing challenges of terrorism, war and conflict, Sudan remains at the bottom of the index. Since December 2018, 

COUNTRIES TO WATCH

Jordan, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Qatar and Lebanon are relatively stable countries, but due to their geographic or economic status, they are in the spotlight.

With a score of 49, Jordan increased a point on the CPI since last year. In June 2018, Jordanian citizens took to the streets to protest against a draft tax law that would require them to foot the financial bill from corrupt governments, which has grown significantly over the past several years.

Yet despite the strength of both countries in these areas, UAE and Qatar still lack democratic institutions and a respect for political rights. This leaves control of corruption up to the political will of the incumbent ruling class, which can change suddenly and leave any improvements in anti-corruption efforts behind.

In addition, in Qatar, while the government has managed to clean up many levels of bureaucracy to improve anti-corruption efforts across the country, higher levels of government remain opaque. 

Dubai has become an active global hub for money laundering. According to the report, real estate in Dubai worth millions of pounds can be bought in exchange for cash with very few questions asked. As a result, Dubai has become a money laundering paradise, where the corrupt and other criminals can go to buy luxurious property with no restrictions.

Political corruption and conflict of interest remain among the main challenges to any improvement in Lebanon

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